Tempi (UK) Tempe, pronunciation:/tm'pi/Oidubud in Pima) is a city in the eastern part of Malicopa County, Arizona, the United States of America, with a population of 161,719 in the 2010 census. Named after the valley of Tempi in Greece, it is located in the East Valley in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The surrounding area borders Phoenix and Guadalupe in the west, Scottsdale in the north, Chandler in the south, and Mesas in the east. Tempi has the headquarters of the American Airways Group and the oldest and largest campus of Arizona State University.
City of Tempe
Skyline in Tempi
the position of tempi in Maricopa County (lower right) and Maricopa County in Arizona
|Coordinates: 33 degrees, 25 minutes, 46 seconds north latitude and 111 degrees, 56 minutes, 35 seconds west longitude/33.42944 degrees north latitude and 111.94306 degrees west longitude/ 33.42944 degrees; -111.94306|
|city||November 29, 1894|
City of Tempe
|region||104.1 km2 (40.2 mi2)|
|land||103.8 km2 (40.1 mi2)|
|water surface||0.3 km2 (0.1 mi2)|
|water area ratio||0.32%|
|Elevation||347.47 - 455.68 m (1,140 - 1,495 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||1570.6 people/km2 (4067.7 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7)|
|daylight saving time||No daylight saving time|
|Official website: City of Tempe|
The Ho Kham Indians first lived in the area and built a canal to support their agriculture. In the 1400s, they abandoned the frontier and some individuals and families remained nearby.
In 1865, Fort McDowell was built upstream of the Salt River and a new town could be built downstream of it. In order to supply food to the forts, U.S. army soldiers and Hispanic workers were hired to grow grain and raise livestock, and in less than a year, a small camp was built near the river, and after the Hohkham Indians had disappeared, the first permanent community was established (the land was developed in Phoenix from 1867 to 1868). On the east and west sides of Hayden Bute, two clearing areas, the Hayden Ferry and the Sun Pablo, were built, named after the ferry operated by Charles T. Hayden. This delivery became an important means of crossing the river in the area. The Tempi Irrigation Canal Company was soon established to provide water for growing Murasakiumago (Japanese white horse) palm, wheat, barley, oats, and cotton.
The pioneer Darrell DUPPA was suggested the name of the tempi, which was adopted in 1879, and the Salt River Valley, close to a height of 300 feet (90 meters), was likened to a valley of tempi near Mount Olympus in Greece.
In 1885, the 13th Arizona Quasi-State Council selected Tempi as the site of construction for Quasi-State Normal School, which later changed to Arizona Normal School, Arizona State Teacher College, and Arizona State College, and finally became Arizona State University.
The Maricopa and Phoenix Railway, which was built in 1887, crossed the Salt River at Tempi and became part of the growing transport system in the country. The Tempi Land Improvement Company was formed and sold the area of the town that became a boom. Tempi has become an economic hub for surrounding agricultural areas. In 1894, the city system was established.
In 1911, Roosevelt Dam was completed, and the water was compensated for by farmers in the larger gorge. As the former president, Theodore Roosevelt, on his way to the inauguration of the dam, praised the work of the people in central Arizona and predicted the town would prosper in the future. Within a year, Arizona was recognized as the 48th state in the United States, and the Salt River continued to develop.
In the 20th and 21st centuries, not only did Tempi expand as a suburb of Phoenix, but he also developed as the center of education and the center of commerce in itself.
Tempi has two companies that belong to the Fortune 500: the American Airways Group (formerly West Airlines) and the Insight Enterprises Company. Other headquarters are Lyimlite Networks, Liferock, First Solar, Fulton Holmes and Mobil Mini. Cold Stone Creamy, an ice cream company, originally has its headquarters in Tempi, and its No. 1 store continues to operate in Tempi's McRington Drive South 3330. There is also the largest campus at Arizona State University. After holding the Fiesta Bowl for a long time, the Bowl Championship Series game was moved to Phoenix University Stadium in Glendale in 2007. The Insight Bowl is now held. Edward Jones Investment has a regional headquarters in Tempi.
Tempi has several large theaters including the Gage Auditorium and the Tempi Art Center.
On the night of New Year's Eve, the Insight Fiesta Bowl Block Party, one of the largest New Year's festivals in Japan, is held. At the event, a national-level band usually holds concerts and several other local and national bands participate. The Gage Auditorium was one of three venues where the debate of candidates was held during the 2004 U.S. presidential election, and the 30th Super Bowl was held at Sandeville Stadium. It is also Anaheim Angels's spring camp.
Arizona's largest shopping mall, Arizona Mills, is near the border with neighboring Guadalupe. Near the southern border, there was the first IKEA branch in Arizona. The Tempi Marketplace, which performs live performances, water and laser shows at large outdoor mall, is just north of Tempi Town Lake.
Mill Avenue, just west of Hayden Bute, is a shopping and entertainment district popular with pedestrians and students. With the completion of the Tempi Town Lake, the development of commerce and high rise buildings along the reservoir has continued, rapidly changing the skyline of Mill Avenue and the center of Tempi.
In Tempi, it is controlled by many school districts.
Most of the tempi belongs to the Tempi Elementary School District and the Tempi Unified High School District, while others include the Kailen School District, the Scottsdale Integrated School District and the Mesa Public School District.
Arizona has one of the three major universities in Arizona, and also has a management office for Maricopa County Community College.
It also has a state-of-the-art university that offers degrees in game art and animation, game programming, and game design, as well as degrees in many other fields.
The following is demographic data based on the national census in 2006.
Households and family (number of households)
income and family
The reason why the population ratio below the poverty line is high is because many students live there, and it is not reflected in the income of the whole area.
Tempi Buto no Oka is in Tempi City. The Salt River flows from west to north. A part of the river is dammed down in two places to build the Tempi Town Lake.
According to a report by the United States Census Bureau, the total area of the inland town is 40.2 square miles (104.1 km2), of which the land is 40.1 square miles (103.8 km2), the water area is 0.1 square miles (0.3 km 2) and the water area is 0.32%.
The city is generally flat, with the exception of Hayden View, which is adjacent to Sandeville Stadium (the name of Mountain A is given because the Arizona State University initials logo is placed on the south side of the city). The Twin View and Bell View are located at the western end of the city, and Papago Park is located at a high level in the northwest Phoenix city. The altitude ranges from 1,140 feet (347 meters) at Tempi Town Lake to 1,495 feet (456 meters) at the top of Hayden View.
Currently, there is no professional major sports team in Tempi. But from 1987 to 2006, Arizona Cardinals was based in Sandeville Stadium. Cardinals then moved to Glendale's University of Phoenix Stadium. Many of the residents are supporting the nearby Phoenix and Grendale teams.
The Sundevils of Arizona State University competes with NCAA's Pacific-10 Conference for many sports including American football, basketball and baseball. The San Devils' football team is playing at San Devils's Stadium, where the Fiesta Bowl is held every year until 2007, and after that, it moved to the new Phoenix University Stadium in Glendale. The nearest rival is the University of Arizona Wild Cats in Tucson. The two teams are competing in the "Desert Duel" game to win the Regional Cup.
Since 2006, the Insight Bowl has been held at Sandevils Stadium.
Arizona Combat Sports, a training organization for mixed martial arts, is in Tempi.
Tempi has a high population density in the state and acts as the intersection of the largest communities in the region.
In East Valley, high-standard roads are the main means of transportation. The Phoenix Metropolitan Area High Standard Road System surrounding Tempi includes Interstate Expressway Route 10, which runs near the west end of the city and crosses the Broadway Curve, Loop Route 202, which runs along the north side of the city, Loop Route 101, which runs along the east border, and National Route 60, which runs through the city's geographic center, in the east and west.
The Valley Metro runs a bus line, and the Metro Light Rail connects Tempe Central Town and Arizona State University with Phoenix and Mesa. Tempi City runs a free local circulation line called Orbit, and there are five shuttle lines near Arizona State University, which operates a seven-day-a-week service. In addition, there are three other Flash (free area shuttle lines) circulating lines in the northern part of the city around the university. Tenpi residents and commuters are using a wide range of public transport systems, which provide more service than anywhere in the state.
The Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport is located two miles (3 km) northwest of Tempi, and it offers a wide range of air routes to its various locations across North America, to the cities of London and Hawaii in the United Kingdom.
Tempi connects eight cities with sister cities.
- France, Beaulieu-sur-Mer
- Carlow, Republic of Ireland
- New Zealand, Lower Hat
- Legensburg, Germany
- Macedonia, Skopje
- Zhenjiang, Jiangsu
- Mali, Tombucu
- Iraq, Barbil, Hilla
Macedonia's Skopje has been a sister city since 1971, and Calloo, the latest Republic of Ireland, was connected in 1998. In 1998, 2004, and 2008, they were voted for the "Best Sister City Overall Plan."
Every year, 28 candidates are given opportunities to travel to one of the sister cities. The candidates are interviewed actively and travel for free to one of these countries. The Tempi Sister City Corporation is composed of volunteers, and it is one of the few sister city plans in the United States that bear all the travel expenses.
- ^ a b American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. February 4, 2011. Read April 5, 2011
- ^ "Limelight."
- ^ "Lifelock."
- ^ "Fiast Solar."
- ^ "Central Farm."
- ^ "Headquarters & Campus Locations." Edward Jones Investments. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
- ^ "Neighborhood Circulator Expansion". City of Tempe. Viewed on December 26, 2009.
- ^ Official Tempe Sister Cities Website
- Official City Website
- Tempe news, sports and things to do from The Tempe Republic newspaper
- Official Tempe Convention & Visitors Bureau Website
- List of Tempe Neighborhoods